Marijuana and Professional Sports: Can It Work?
A tackle in a football rugby match is like a car crash.
So if you’re in 30 such crashes on a Sunday evening, your body will be in pain for several days.
When playing such games back-to-back: it can be tempting to wake up the morning after and get anti-inflammatories in you. Be it naproxen or paracetamol. Or “stronger” painkillers like tramadol or fentanyl.
The downside is: with time, these painkillers can become your friend. The friend can then progress to a close lover or even a necessity.
With over sixty percent of amateur athletes relying on ibuprofen and other over-the-counter anti-inflammatories to boost their recovery (or performance) weekly, it’s clear that the use of opioid painkillers in professional sports is slowly reaching epidemic proportions.
The Opioid Epidemic in Professional Sports
As trainers and team doctors continue to issue players with opioid-based painkillers, the effects of the opioid epidemic continue to be documented.
The USA Department of Health and Human Services reported that 11.5 million citizens misused prescription opioids in 2016. In the same year, 42,249 people died from an opioid overdose.
The situation is worse in Florida.
The state experienced a surge in opioid-related deaths from 350 in 2000 to over 2000 in 2010. And was ranked the fourth in the USA for opioid-related deaths in 2015; by the CDC. The state experienced 3228 deaths that year, a 23% increase from 2014. And the upward trend seems to continue amid the pandemic.
When it comes to professional sports: players are more likely to (mis)use opioid painkillers than the general public.
An ESPN survey involving 644 former NFL players found that 71% of players misused prescribed opioid painkillers. The high figure was backed by a 2011 survey conducted by the Elsevier Journal to determine Drug and Alcohol Dependence. The survey found that retired NFL players were 3X more likely to use opioids than the general public.
Seeing that higher usage comes with devastating side effects: some players have even sued professional sports leagues. In 2018, for instance, a group of over 1800 retired players sued the National Football League (NFL), alleging to have been supplied with prescriptions aimed at keeping them on the field without being informed of the health effects of such medications.
Fortunately, the government seems to be alert about the epidemic, with different states issuing emergency declarations. President Trump also declared the epidemic a public health emergency in October 2017.
Can medical marijuana serve as a safer alternative for opioid-based prescription painkillers?
In response to the opioid epidemic, many athletes are turning to marijuana for pain relief.
Martellus Bennet, a retired NFL player, told the Bleacher Report that:
“You don’t want to be popping pills all the time. There are anti-inflammatory drugs you take so long that they start to eat at your liver, kidneys, and things like that.”
His view on opioid painkillers was backed by Eugene Monroe, a former NFL player. In his interview with Washington Post, Monroe noted that:
“This pain is never going away. My body is damaged. I have to manage it somehow. Managing it with pills was slowly killing me. Now I’m able to function and be extremely efficient by figuring out how to use different formulations of [marijuana].”
Monroe’s perspective is increasingly being backed by science.
In a study involving medical cannabis patients, many respondents claimed that marijuana provided relief similar to opioid painkillers but without the side effects. Ninety-seven percent agreed that using cannabis helped them significantly reduce their opiate dosages.
Eighty-one percent of the medical cannabis patients agreed that taking marijuana alone was more effective than combining it with opioids.
A different study concluded that when marijuana is combined with opioid prescriptions, it can lower the infamous opioid side effects. It can also reduce opioid dependency, lowering the risk of an overdose.
So it’s logical to assume that medical marijuana can serve as a safer alternative for opioid-based prescription painkillers.
Does that mean we can use marijuana for CTE, too?
In addition to its potential pain management properties, some studies suggest that cannabis could help combat CTE.
CTE is a progressive degenerative brain disease. It’s present in persons with a history of symptomatic concussions, asymptomatic subconcussive hits, and other repetitive brain trauma.
It’s common among football, hockey, and rugby players. That is professional sports that involve high-impact hits upon physical contact.
As mentioned, there are numerous ongoing researches designed to evaluate whether cannabis can help combat CTE.
For instance, a 2013 collaborative study found that cannabis could regenerate brain cells and increase blood flow to injured or damaged brain cells in mice. That would, in turn, keep brain cells healthier by enhancing blood circulation.
Another animal study done by the National Institute of Mental Health discovered that CBD and THC – active compounds in marijuana – can reduce toxicity in the brain.
More to that: a collaborative study by Tel Aviv University found that low doses of cannabis could facilitate long-term recovery of traumatic brain injuries.
Now, these studies are animal-based, but they look promising.
Other studies suggest that medical marijuana can treat CTE symptoms, such as headache, nausea, dizziness, and insomnia.
For example, research done by the Dent Neurologic Institute in Buffalo used medical cannabis in people dealing with concussion-based chronic pain. The researchers evaluated common concussion symptoms, including mood, sleep, and attention.
Eighty percent of the patients treated with medical cannabis experienced substantial improvement in symptoms and activity level. Seeing that the said symptoms are also linked to CTE, the study indicates that medical marijuana can help CTE patients manage their symptoms.
A 2018 review acknowledged the ability of marijuana to treat common CTE symptoms, such as agitation, psychosis, dizziness, and nausea. A different study indicated that cannabis compounds can help treat traumatic brain injuries.
So, while the evidence is preliminary and based on animal studies, the efficacy of medical marijuana in combating CTE looks promising.
With the speculated benefits, where does marijuana stand in the world of sports?
How is marijuana treated in the world of sports?
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) prohibits marijuana in professional competitions. And the presiding agencies (NBA, NFL, and the like) take the ban seriously.
That may explain why professional players who publicly voice their support for medical marijuana (for use in pain relief) oftentimes find it hard to participate in professional matches.
Take Monroe, for example. In 2016, he became the first NFL player to publicly voice his support for medical cannabis (over opioid painkillers.) He went on to donate $80,000 to When the Bright Lights Fade. That is a campaign dedicated to funding research on the potential benefits of cannabis for athletes.
Shortly after, Monroe was let go from his team (the Baltimore Ravens.) Now, his release could be a result of his injuries. But the remarks of John Harbaugh, his head coach at the time, suggest otherwise. While Monroe was voicing his support, Harbaugh told reporters that:
“I promise you he does not speak for the organization.”
Mind you: the statement came after the team owner’s meeting held in March 2016.
Currently, MMJ cardholders participating in professional sports must avoid the herb. After all, testing positive for THC is enough to have you banned from the sport.
On the bright side: WADA allows a THC limit of up to 150ng/ml. That’s adequate leeway to athletes who use medical marijuana cards or recreational cannabis. Still: you should stop using the herb weeks before the competition.
Marijuana advocates are pushing for its legalization for use in sports. Their argument is: marijuana is an effective pain reliever. It’s also safer than opioid-based prescription painkillers issued by team doctors.
To that end, sports organizations remain optimistic about the medical benefits of marijuana.
For instance: In an interview with Slam Online, NBA Commissioner Adam Silver pointed that,
“I would say it’s something we will look at. I’m very interested in science when it comes to medical marijuana. But to the extent that science demonstrates that there are effective uses for medical reasons, we’ll be open to it.”
So the future is uncertain. But regardless of what’s in store for marijuana in professional sports, the drug is here to stay.
Can cannabis topicals help with sports injuries?
CBD topical has been shown to aid recovery after sports in several ways.
One, cannabis topicals can be applied directly to the injured area to deliver targeted relief. That makes them ideal for addressing sports injuries, such as muscle pain, joint pain, and inflammation.
But are they effective?
A research report published by Neurotherapeutics highlighted that marijuana helps activate and inhibit pain regulating compounds.
Here’s some Biology.
Anandamide is a pain-regulating compound. CBD – a compound in marijuana – stops anandamide from being absorbed, which would otherwise increase its concentration in the blood. That consequently translates to lesser pain.
Cannabis topicals also actively limit inflammation in the brain and the nervous system; thereby, reducing pain and specific immune-system responses. That, in turn, helps you heal faster.
There are yet to be more human-based studies to determine the potential of CBD in relieving pain. Nonetheless, animal studies prove that marijuana reduces inflammation and pain.
What are the benefits of using cannabis topicals to address sports injuries?
Why consider cannabis topicals when you’ve relied on over-the-counter painkillers for long? And they worked just fine?
Here are three reasons why.
#1: Cannabis topicals deliver focused pain-relief
When you ingest paracetamol and other OTC pain pills, the pill is digested, absorbed into the bloodstream, and circulated to different body parts.
As such, the pill addresses the pain while impacting your whole body. (Which explains why OTC painkillers may have multiple side effects on different areas of the body.)
On their end, cannabis topicals – think pain relief oils, creams, roll-on, or sprays – are massaged or sprayed at the injured area. These products do not penetrate the skin; hence, they are not absorbed into the bloodstream. Instead, they remain on the skin, providing focused, fast-action, and effective relief.
The best part? They work in cases of aching quads, pain in the bones, sprains, or even extensive injuries.
#2: Cannabis topicals have little-to-no side effects
You’re already suffering extreme pain from sports injuries; why add side effects to it?
OTC medications often have devastating side effects, including drowsiness, nausea, and a weakened immune system. They are also addictive, which means more health effects as one becomes dependent on them.
Cannabis topicals, on their end, have little to no side effects. The reason is, marijuana works alongside compounds already present in your body. It only helps them perform at their peak efficiency and restore the body to a stable, relaxed state.
Cannabis topicals ensure optimal cell function and enzyme action. They help restore the body to its optimal functioning capacity. As a result, they help reduce pain and boost immunity, all without side effects. (That’s even when using THC-based topicals. Because these products are not absorbed into the bloodstream, they remain on the applied area, thereby delivering fast pain relief without altering your mental clarity.)
#3: Cannabis topicals deliver long-lasting relief
Topical cannabis help treat short-term and chronic pain.
Hence, sports professionals use them to reap the long-term therapeutic benefits, lowering their risk o developing chronic pain conditions like arthritis.
Caution: when purchasing cannabis topicals, ensure your product of choice is of good quality. It should also be organic and chemical-free. While at it, take note of the active compounds. Are they full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate?
Get Access to Medical Cannabis in Florida with Ease
Our medical marijuana doctors at MMJ Health are dedicated to treating eligible patients with medical cannabis. We acknowledge the potential benefits you can reap by incorporating medical marijuana into your health management. And strive to help you maximize on that.
Besides treatment, we can answer your questions concerning the use of cannabis for medical purposes. We can also offer guidance on getting a medical marijuana card in Florida.